PACIFIC REGION

Location

It is located in the west side of the country and it is considered the most exotic and the richest in natural resources. The Tapon del Darien is in the north of this region in the Department of Chocó and it is considered one of the biggest natural reserves in the world as well as the most humid and rainy places on Earth. The Mangrove forests are characteristic of the region’s coasts which improve the eco systemic value of the entire region. The most recognized city is Cali, known for industrial momentum and for being the greatest dancers of salsa in the world. Two very important seaports are located in its coasts.

Buenaventura y Tumaco. You can practice scuba diving in Nuqui and Bahia Solano in the Natural National Park of Utria in the department of Choco.

The coastlines in this region are the most beautiful in Colombia. Some are still within jungles untouched by men but the contamination originated by tourists and the mishandling of liquids and solids have created and impactful contamination on their beaches which have pushed away tourists. A strong public policy surrounding the seriousness of handling of trash and waste is required and necessary for the conservation of this natural treasure.

This region starts on the borders with Panamá all the way to border with Ecuador from the Pacific Coastlines until the beginning of the West Cordillera. It limits with Panamá on the north and the Caribbean, on the east with the Andean Region, to the south with Ecuador and to the West with the Pacific Ocean.

Population

The people of the Pacific coast, in its mayority (90%) are African descendents. The other 10% are made up of the following communities: cholos, catios, chocoes, pastos, quiyasinga.

The towns in this region are very familial, traditional, joyful, welcoming to parties, dances and intoxicating beverages, they are catholic and very superstitious, the believe in witchery, curses and white and black magic.

Men only wear shorts and always walk barefoot. Women wear skirts and blouses and walk barefoot as well.

Fauna

The regional flora has between seven and eight thousand species of 45 thousand plants in Colombia. The central rainforest is the place with the most floristic diversity in the American Tropic.

When it comes to birds, this region has 62 species of limited distribution, the highest in South America. The Pacific region represents 10% of national territory.

506 kilometers to the west of Buenaventura, due to the indomitable Pacific Ocean, a variety of fauna and flora, rocky segments and coral reefs emerge into 35 acres of dry land. The only inhabitents of this small island discovered 22 years ago.

In order to protect all these species, the Colombian government did not take long to declare Malpelo as a protected area within the national system of Natural parks, it was evident that the “roca viviente” is a natural treasure in which never before seen species emerge.

There are concentrations of more than 300 hammerhead sharks, four species with endemic characteristics; the land crab, the lizard, the dotted galliwasp and the gecko. Almost 70 species of various arthropods and annelid families, close to 60 species of birds, 17 species of reported corals. At Malpelo there has been 130 identified species within 104 families of mollusks, 267 crustaceous and 395 different fish. People have seen groups of more than 1000 silky sharks.

In the Pacific Ocean in Colombia we can find one of the most beautiful sanctuaries nature has to offer with the Humpback Whale. 1,300 kilometers in length, the Pacific coast is one of the most humid regions in the planet, with rain of more that 10 thousand cubic millimeters a year. In the north, by the Baudó Serranía there is a jungle with great biodiversity. In the south, with more plains and rivers, the region characterizes itself with cliffs and beaches surrounded by mangrove.

56 km from the coast, the Gorgona and Gorgonilla islands, declared Natural National Parks of Colombia, make up sanctuaries of fauna and flora. 300 km from the coast, we find the Malpelo Island, a rock that emerges from the ocean surrounded by surprising underwater life.

This is a region with a wide ecological, hydrographic and mining wealth equally diverse in the inland. The department of Chocó which is predominantly jungle, hast beautiful beaches in Nuqui and Bahia Solano where tourists their vast landscapes.

Every year, the humpback whales arrive to procreate, the marine turtles live in their natural habitat. Tourists, both Colombian and foreigners, come to this part of the country to watch and enjoy these beautiful species alongside the symphonies created by the mating rituals of the whales.

It is incredibly to see the vast amount of landscapes Colombia has to offer, especially in the Pacific Ocean.

Flora

The forrests have high density in its humid regions. With spiny species filled with bulbs. It is rich with orchids and bromeliads. Some trees reach 50 meters in height. There are caducifolias in transition from dry forest into equatorial.

In some areas where human have intervened you can find bushes and gramineous. The most highlited species are: Ficus sp., Alseis peruviana, Cedrela sp., Loxopterygium huasango, Parhira trinitaris, Centrolobium acromon, Cecropia sp., Tabebubia sp., Cavanillesia platanofolia, Cordia sp., Guazuma ulmifolia, Ochoroma pyramidale and some palm trees.

Cuisine

People in the pacific enjoy various dishes mainly composed of sea food, fish, shellfish, plantain, coconut, chontaduro, sugar cane and various vegetables.

Their typical dishes and beverages are: Guinea pig, vegetables in different preparations, crab, sancocho (stew) from the valley, arequipe ( local caramel) , brown sugar sweets, colasions, cholados, champu, guarapo made from sugar cane, fruits from the sea, coconut sweets, chancacas, coconut water, pineabble dessert, milk and brown sugar dessers, chontaduro, snapper cancocho in coconut milk, la pelada, sea bass, jaiba, piangua, sierra, shell fish, shrimp, shellfish stew, fried plantain, chinese potato, el borojo, el tumba catre and el arrechon.

Music and Dances

This region prides itself on their hymns, their leyends and their mono rhythmical music with brass and percussion instruments such as: patacore, bereju, caderona, bambara negra, bereju, maquerule, saporrondo, tamborito chocoano, bunde ó chigualo, danza chocoana, polka, mazurka, jotas y el currulao.

They dream with an instrument similar to a xylophone.

Their parties and festivals such as The black and white carnival, Popayan’s holy week, San Pacho’s festivals, The Fair in Cali all allow for the joy and tradition that characterize this region.

Our Destinations

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